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Full Name
Hone Hapa Harawene
Rank Last Held
Sergeant
Forename(s)
Hone Hapa
Surname
Harawene
War
World War II, 1939-1945
Serial No.
39322
Gender
Male
First Known Rank
Private
Occupation before Enlistment
Slaughterman
Next of Kin
Mrs Bertha Harawene (wife), Karetu, Bay of Islands, New Zealand
Marital Status
Married
Enlistment Address
Moerewa, New Zealand
Military District
Kaikohe
Body on Embarkation
Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force (2NZEF), 2nd Echelon
Embarkation Unit
28 (Maori) Battalion
Nominal Roll Number
WW2 2
Page on Nominal Roll
WW2 78
Campaigns
Tunisia
Last Unit Served
28 (Maori) Battalion
Place of Death
Takrouna, Tunisia
Date of Death
20 April 1943
Age at Death
28
Year of Death
1943
Cause of Death
Killed in action
Cemetery Name
Enfidaville War Cemetery, Tunisia
Grave Reference
Plot VII, Row A, Grave 13
Memorial Name
Auckland War Memorial Museum, World War 2 Hall of Memories
Biographical Notes
Hone Harawene was the son of Turi Harawene and of Raiha Harawene (nee Shepherd) of Karetu, Auckland. He was the husband of Bertha Harawene of Paihia, Auckland.
Description of Image
  • Portrait, Weekly News
  • Portrait
  • Headstone, Enfidaville War Cemetery (bw)
  • Headstone, EnfidavilleWar Cemetery, Tunisia (photo B. Coutts, 2009)
  • Map of the troop movements leading to the capture of Takrouna
  • Auckland War Memorial Museum, World War 2 Hall of Memories. Panels beginning with names: Hadley, Hansen, Harwood.
  • Hall of Memories WW2, Auckland War Memorial Museum (taken in April 1999).
  • Hall of Memories WW2, Auckland War Memorial Museum (taken in April 1999).
Additional Information
  • The Rock of Takrouna was a key point of the enemy's defence line. Nestling on the northern slopes was the village of Takrouna, uninhabited at the time but normally the home of about 500 people. The countryside between the troops and this strategic feature though fairly flat and undulating was a natural death trap. One of the worst features being impenetrable walls of cactus which, it transpired, had been heavily mined. On the night of the attack each assaulting battalion was allotted three Crusader tanks for the purpose of smashing through the cactus. Machetes were also issued to the men.
  • The New Zealand Division's intention was to attack and capture the Djebel el Froukr and Djebel el Ogla features and exploit to the north-west and north. In other words, they were to secure the end of a ridge and exploit into the hills. Fifth Brigade on the left of the New Zealand sector had for its first objective the capture of Djebel Cherachir which lay beyond Takrouna and Djebel Bir. The final objective, Djebel Froukr, lay a mile further north.
  • The Enfidaville-Zaghouan road ran between Cherachir and Takrouna and was the final objective for the first phase of the attack - the responsibility of 28 Battalion, on the right and 21 Battalion on the left. The 21 Battalion was to reach the road by moving around the left or western side of Takrouna. Takrouna hill itself and Djebel Bir were to be taken by the 28 Battalion. For a detailed account of the whole event refer to 28 (Maori) Battalion by J.F. Cody Chapter II.
Further References
Sources Used
  • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force Nominal Roll No. 2 (Embarkations to 30th June, 1940)
  • Auckland Museum. Roll of Honour, Auckland Province, 1939 - 1945. Auckland War Memorial Museum Library. MS 93/139.
  • CommonwealthWar Graves Commission URL http://www.cwgc.org

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