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Full Name
Thomas Ralph Eastwood
Rank Last Held
  • Major
  • General
Title
Sir
Forename(s)
Thomas Ralph
Surname
Eastwood
War
  • Regular Military Service
  • World War I, 1914-1918
  • World War II, 1939-1945
Serial No.
15/202
Date of Birth
10 May 1890
Place of Birth
Canterbury, England
First Known Rank
Captain
Occupation before Enlistment
Soldier
Next of Kin
Major de Crespigny Eastwood, Hyde End, Brenton, Kent, England
Marital Status
Single
Enlistment Address
Wellington, New Zealand
Enlistment Date
5 August 1914
Military District
Wellington
Body on Embarkation
3rd Reinforcements
Embarkation Unit
Headquarters Staff
Embarkation Date
14 February 1915
Place of Embarkation
Wellington, New Zealand
Transport
Vessel
Maunganui or Tahiti or Aparima
Destination
Suez,Egypt (26 March 1915)
Nominal Roll Number
Vol1
Page on Nominal Roll
208
Campaigns
  • Samoa
  • Egypt
  • Gallipoli
  • France
Military Awards
  • Knight Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (KCB)
  • Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
  • Military Cross (MC)
  • Knight of Justice of the Order of St John (KStJ)
  • 1914-1915 Star
  • British War Medal (1914-1920)
  • Victory Medal
  • 1939-1945 Star
  • Defence Medal
  • War Medal 1939-1945
  • Mentioned in Despatches (MiD) Eight Times
  • Silver Jubilee Medal 1935
  • Coronation Medal 1937
  • Grand Cross of St Adolphe of Nassau (Luxembourg)
Award Circumstances
DSO: London Gazette, 3 June 1919. Citation: "For distinguished service in connection military operations in France and Flanders."
Discharge Date
  • 1918
  • 1947
Place of Death
England
Date of Death
15 February 1959
Age at Death
68
Year of Death
1959
Biographical Notes
  • Eastwood was a British citizen who enlisted with the New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) at the outbreak of World War 1. This was most likely because from 1912 he had been stationed in NZ as the Aide-de-camp for the NZ Governor-General. He served with NZEF from 1914-1918. He attained the rank of Major while with the NZ Forces.
  • Eastwood rejoined the British Army on 17 October 1918.
  • Served in North Russia, 1919.
  • Served Aldershot, Cork and Staff College.
  • Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, 1927.
  • Promoted to Colonel and appointed Commandant of Rifle Brigade Depot, 1931.
  • Commanding Officer (CO) of 2 Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps (KRRC), 1934.
  • General Staff Officer grade 1 (GSO1) 2 Division, 1936.
  • Commandant of Royal Military College (RMC) Sandhurst, 1938.
  • Promoted to Major General and appointed Division Commander, 1940.
  • Vice Chief, General Staff, 1940.
  • Director General of the British Home Guard, 1940-41.
  • Promoted to Lieutenant General and appointed General Officer Commanding (GOC) of Northern Command (UK), 1941.
  • Served with British Expeditionary Force (BEF), France, during World War 2.
  • Promoted to General and served as Governor and Commander in Chief, Gibraltar, 1944.
  • Retired 1947.
  • Registered Justice of the Peace (JP).
Postwar Occupation
Soldier
Additional Information
Serial Number is not recorded on Nominal Roll 1 Page 208.
Archives NZ source
Military personnel file
NZETC
New Zealand Electronic Text Collection topic page
Sources Used
  • Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force Volume I. Wellington: Govt. Printer, 1914-1919
  • Haigh, J., and Polaschek, A. (compilers). (1993). New Zealand and the Distinguished Service Order. Christchurch, The Authors.
Previous Military Experience
  • Enlisted with British Rifle Brigade, 1910.
  • Sent to NZ as Aide-de-Camp to Governor-General, 1912.
  • Captain, New Zealand Rifle Brigade (Earl of Liverpool's Own)

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