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Full Name
Arthur Plugge
Rank Last Held
Lieutenant Colonel
Forename(s)
Arthur
Surname
Plugge
War
World War I, 1914-1918
Serial No.
12/1
Gender
Male
Place of Birth
Tapu, Thames, New Zealand
First Known Rank
Lieutenant Colonel
Next of Kin
Mrs M.H. Plugge Market Road, Epsom, Auckland, New Zealand
Marital Status
Single
Enlistment Address
Market Road, Epsom, Auckland, New Zealand
Military District
Auckland
Body on Embarkation
Main Body
Embarkation Unit
Headquarters, Auckland Infantry Battalion
Embarkation Date
16 October 1914
Place of Embarkation
Auckland, New Zealand
Transport
HMNZT 8
Vessel
Maunganui
Destination
Egypt
Page on Nominal Roll
585
Campaigns
Gallipoli
Military Awards
Mentioned in Despatches (MiD) twice
Wounds and Diseases
Slightly wounded at Gallipoli
Discharge Date
30 June 1918
Place of Death
Taupiri, New Zealand
Date of Death
2 July 1934
Age at Death
57
Year of Death
1934
Cemetery Name
Taupiri Cemetery, Gordonton Road, Waikato, New Zealand
Memorial Name
Roll of Honour, Freemasons, Te Awamutu Lodge No. 2221 E.C., Ellerslie Masonic Centre, 9A Robert Street, Ellerslie, Auckland
Biographical Notes
  • Colonel Plugge (pronounced Pluggy) was a well known local identity in Thames district. He was also the Headmaster of Dilworth Ulster Institute in Epsom, Auckland from 1909-1914.
  • Colonel Plugge has the distinction of being the first name on the Auckland Roll with the Regimental Number 12/1. In the Auckland district there were four infantry regiments: 3rd Auckland, 6th Hauraki, 15th North Auckland, and 16th Waikato. Each of the Regiments provided a Company and also certain specialists to form the Battalion for service overseas. The four companies of the Battalion thus formed retained the names and badges of the Territorial Regiments from which they were drawn. The organisation and commands were as follows: Commanding Officer - Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Plugge, Second in Command - Major Harrowett, Adjutant - Captain Alderman.
  • The Battalion left New Zealand on 22 September 1914 but had to return because of the German Pacific Fleet in the area. On 11 October they sailed for Wellington to join the Expeditionary Force assembling there. At dawn on 16 October 1914 the transports departed for Hobart. From there they headed for Egypt and arrived at Alexandria on 3 December. The troops went to Zeitoun Camp. In April, on board the captured liner Lutzow they sailed for Gallipoli and the Auckland Battalion was the first New Zealand force to land on 25 April 1915. Colonel Plugge was struck by a flying fragment which lodged in his wrist. He was not badly wounded. The Battalion withdrew from Turkey on 20 December that year.
  • Plugge's Plateau at Gallipoli was so named on the first day of fighting when Colonel Arthur Plugge 37 Commanding the Auckland Battalion, placed his headquarters there. To the Turks it became known as Hain Tepe or 'Treacherous Hill' because of the effect of the battery on them. (see Gallipoli a Battlefield Guide, p. 162)
  • 1st Auckland arrived in France on 16 April 1916 At the Battle of the Somme in August 1916 Colonel Plugge was in command of the 1st New Zealand Infantry Brigade, the veterans of Anzac, who smashed the last line of the German defence. 1st Auckland took over 750 yards of the line. Of the 1500 men who went into battle, 300 were killed and 700 wounded. In spite of these high casualties it was regarded as a great victory.
  • In December 1916 Colonel Plugge CMC was detached for special work in physical and recreational training.
  • There is a cemetery in Turkey named after Lt. Col. Plugge called Plugge's Plateau Cemetery. This area was the headquarters of Lt. Col. Plugge during the Anzac landing.
  • The Auckland Museum Library's manuscripts collection contains a school assignment outlining the military career of Arthur Plugge, researched and compiled by Richard Campbell, of Dilworth School. [Ref. MS 2002/140]
Description of Image
  • Arthur Plugge
  • Photo 2 is of his horse, 'Paeroa', which was presented to him by school children. (Photo was loaned by Mr Jack Harold).
  • Arthur Plugge
  • Roll of Honour, Freemasons, Te Awamutu Lodge No. 2221 E.C., members who served in the Great War (photo Geoff Parry September 2013)
Additional Information
Plugge's Plateau was captured by the 3rd Australian Infantry Brigade on the 25th April, 1915, and named later for Colonel A. Plugge, C.M.G., Commanding Auckland Battalion, whose Headquarters were there. It became a battery position, a reservoir, and a position on the "Inner Line" of defences, and on its Western slopes were the Anzac Headquarters. There are now over 20 1914-18 war casualties commemorated in this site. The Cemetery covers an area of 198 square metres. Anzac is the midmost of the three areas into which the fighting on Gallipoli and the cemeteries on the Peninsula are divided. Plugge's Plateau (pronounced "Pluggy's") was the name given to the hill, 100 metres above sea level, to which the cliff rises from Ari Burnu. Plugge's Plateau Cemetery is on the north-west corner of the Plateau. (Source: http://www.gallipoli.gov.au/2visiting/plugges.html)
Archives NZ source
Military personnel file
NZETC
New Zealand Electronic Text Collection topic page
Further References
  • Campbell, Richard. 'Colonel Arthur Plugge : "The forgotten Man of Dilworth School"', 1999. Auckland War Memorial Museum Library. MS 2002/140.
  • Auckland War Memorial Museum Scars on the Heart WWI "The En Zeds " display case. Display item is a named photograph "From Auckland to the pryamids some of King's College old boys with the NZEF in Egypt", it was published in the Auckland Weekly News, 1 April 1915.
Sources Used
Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force Volume I. Wellington: Govt. Printer, 1914-1919

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