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Cenotaph

Record detail

Full Name
Harold Eric Barrowclough
Rank Last Held
Major General
Title
  • The Right Honourable
  • Sir
Forename(s)
Harold Eric
Surname
Barrowclough
War
  • World War I, 1914-1918
  • World War II, 1939-1945
Serial No.
  • 24/16
  • 31490
Gender
Male
Date of Birth
23 June 1894
Place of Birth
Masterton, Wairarapa, New Zealand
First Known Rank
  • Lieutenant
  • Brigadier
  • Major General
  • Major General
  • Major General
  • Major General
  • Major General
Occupation before Enlistment
Barrister & Solicitor
Next of Kin
  • A.E. Barrowclough (father), Havelock, Marlborough, New Zealand
  • Mrs M. Barrowclough (wife), Remuera Rd, Auckland, New Zealand
  • Mrs M. Barrowclough (wife), Remuera Rd, Auckland, New Zealand
  • Mrs M. Barrowclough (wife), Remuera Rd, Auckland, New Zealand
  • Mrs M. Barrowclough (wife), Remuera Rd, Auckland, New Zealand
  • Mrs M. Barrowclough (wife), 229 PO, Taupo, New Zealand
  • Mrs M. Barrowclough (wife), 229 PO, Taupo, New Zealand
Marital Status
  • Single
  • Married
Enlistment Address
  • Knox College, Dunedin, New Zealand
  • Remuera Rd, Auckland, New Zealand
Enlistment Date
  • January 1915
  • Unknown enlistment date WW2
Age on Enlistment
  • 20
  • Unknown enlistment age WW2
Military District
  • Otago
  • Auckland
Body on Embarkation
  • 2nd Battalion, New Zealand Rifle Brigade
  • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force (2NZEF), 2nd Echelon
  • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force (2NZEF)
  • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force (2NZEF)
  • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force (2NZEF)
  • Second New Ze
Embarkation Unit
  • B Company
  • New Zealand Rifle Brigade, 4th Battalion
  • Headquarters, 6 Infantry Brigade
  • Headquarters, Infantry Brigade
  • Headquarters, 3 Division
  • Headquarters, 3 Division
  • Headquarters, 3 Division
  • Headquarters, 3 Division
Embarkation Date
9 October 1915
Place of Embarkation
Wellington, New Zealand
Transport
Vessel
Maunganui or Tahiti or Aparima or Navua or Warrimoo
Destination
Suez, Egypt
Nominal Roll Number
  • Vol1
  • WW2 2
  • WW2 9
  • WW2 10
  • WW2 11
  • WW2 13
  • WW2 14
Page on Nominal Roll
  • 37
  • WW2 14
  • WW2 23
  • WW2 6
  • WW2 9
  • WW2 9
  • WW2 8
Other Units
  • Otago Infantry Regiment, 1st Battalion
  • 3 New Zealand Infantry Brigade
  • 6 New Zealand Infantry Brigade
  • 7 New Zealand Infantry Brigade
  • 3 New Zealand Division
Military Awards
  • Knight Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George (KCMG)
  • Companion of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (CB)
  • Distinguished Service Order (DSO) and Bar
  • Military Cross (MC)
  • 1914-1915 Star
  • British War Medal (1914-1920)
  • Victory Medal
  • 1939-1945 Star
  • Africa Star
  • Pacific Star
  • Defence Medal
  • War Medal 1939-1945
  • New Zealand War Service Medal
  • Coronation Medal 1953
  • Efficiency Decoration (ED)
  • Mentioned in Despatches (MiD) Twice
  • New Zealand Long and Efficient Service Medal
  • New Zealand Territorial Service Medal
  • Croix de Guerre (France)
  • Military Cross (Greece)
  • Legion of Merit (United States)
Award Circumstances
  • MC & Croix de Guerre: For coolness and bravery in vicious trench fighting near Flers on 30 September [1916].
  • DSO: For conspicuous gallantry and able leadership [September 1918].
  • MID: On 4 November [1918] Barrowcloughs battalion used scaling ladders in a daring operation to seize the walled town of Le Quesnoy.
  • MC (Greek) and MID: For creditable performance in Greece, 1941.
  • DSO bar: For his conspicuous bravery and brilliant leadership at Sidi Rezegh, 1941.
  • US Legion of Merit & CB: In recognition of his valuable services in the Pacific, 1945.
Wounds and Diseases
Wounded June 1917
Last Unit Served
  • Otago Infantry Regiment, 1st Battalion
  • Headquarters, 3 New Zealand Division
Place of Death
Auckland, New Zealand
Date of Death
4 March 1972
Age at Death
77
Year of Death
1972
Biographical Notes
  • Harold Barrowclough was the son of Alfred Ernest and Hannah Sibthorpe (nee Gault) Barrowclough of Masterton, New Zealand.
  • Husband of Mary Ogilvy (nee Duthie) Barrowclough of Dunedin, New Zealand.
  • Commanding Officer (CO) of New Zealand Rifle Brigade, 4 Battalion, 1915-1919.
  • Commanding Officer (CO) of Otago Infantry Regiment, 1 Battalion, New Zealand, July 1924 - June 1929.
  • Commanding Officer (CO) of 3 New Zealand Infantry Brigade, 1930-31.
  • Became a partner in Russell, McVeagh, Bagnall and Macky law firm in 1931.
  • Commanding Officer (CO) of 7 New Zealand Infantry Brigade in UK, 1940.
  • Commanding Officer (CO) of 6 New Zealand Infantry Brigade in Middle East, May 1940 - February 1942.
  • General Officer in Command (GOC) of 3 New Zealand Division (Pacific Section of 2nd NZ Expeditionary Force), August 1942 - October 1944.
  • Elected Chief Justice of New Zealand in 1953 and became a member of the Privy Council in 1954. He also received his KCMG in 1954.
Postwar Occupation
  • Lawyer
  • Chief Justice
  • Privy Counsellor
Description of Image
Portrait, The Weekly News; 4 October 1944
Further References
Sources Used
  • Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force Volume I. Wellington: Govt. Printer, 1914-1919
  • The Weekly News 1944
  • Henderson, J. (1954). RMT: official history of the 4th and 6th Reserve Mechanical Transport Companies. Wellington: Dept. of Internal Affairs.
  • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force Nominal Roll No. 2 (Embarkations to 30th June, 1940)
  • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force Nominal Roll No. 9 (Embarkations from 1st July, 1942 to 31st December, 1942)
  • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force Nominal Roll No. 10 (Embarkations from 1st January, 1943 to 31st March, 1943)
  • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force Nominal Roll No. 11 (Embarkations from 1st April, 1943 to 30th June, 1943)
  • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force Nominal Roll No. 13 (Embarkations from 1st January, 1944 to 31st March, 1944)
  • Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force Nominal Roll No. 14 (Embarkations from 1st April, 1944 to 31st December, 1944)
Previous Military Experience
Territorials (pre-WWI)
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