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Cenotaph

Record detail

Full Name
William James Hardham
Rank Last Held
  • Farrier Sergeant Major
  • Major
Forename(s)
William James
Surname
Hardham
War
  • South African War, 1899-1902
  • World War I, 1914-1918
Serial No.
  • 1251
  • 11/661
Gender
Male
Date of Birth
31 July 1876
Place of Birth
Wellington, New Zealand
First Known Rank
  • Farrier Sergeant
  • Lieutenant
  • Captain
  • Captain
Occupation before Enlistment
  • Blacksmith and farrier
  • Blacksmith and farrier
  • Blacksmith
  • Blacksmith
Next of Kin
  • Mr George Hardham (father), 5 Oxford Street, Wellington, New Zealand
  • Mrs George Hardham (father), 10 Riddiford Street, Wellington, New Zealand
  • Mr George Hardham (father), 10 Cardall Street, Wellington, New Zealand
  • Mrs Constance Evelyn Hardham (wife), 26 Ohiro Road, Wellington, New Zealand
Marital Status
  • Single
  • Single
  • Single
  • Married
Enlistment Address
  • 5 Oxford Street, Wellington, New Zealand
  • 10 Riddiford Street, Wellington, New Zealand
  • 21 Riddlers Crescent, Petone, Wellington, New Zealand
  • Unknown address
Military District
  • Wellington
  • Wellington
Body on Embarkation
  • 4th Contingent
  • 9th Contingent
  • Main Body
  • New Zealand Expeditionary Force
Embarkation Unit
  • 4 Contingent, 7 Company
  • 9 Contingent, H Squadron
  • Wellington Mounted Rifles
  • 35th Reinforcements Mounted Rifles Brigade
Embarkation Date
  • 31 March 1900
  • 19 March 1902
  • 16 October 1914
  • 21 February 1918
Place of Embarkation
  • Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand
  • Auckland, New Zealand
  • Wellington, New Zealand
  • Wellington, New Zealand
Transport
Vessel
  • Gymeric
  • Devon
  • Orari or Arawa
  • Moeraki
Destination
  • South Africa
  • South Africa
  • Suez, Egypt
  • Suez, Egypt
Nominal Roll Footnotes
Disembarked Melbourne, medically unfit, 7/3/18.
Nominal Roll Number
  • Vol1
  • 79
Page on Nominal Roll
  • 301
  • 2
Other Units
Coronation Contingent
Campaigns
  • Cape Colony
  • Transvaal
  • Rhodesia
  • Egypt
  • Gallipoli
  • Palestine
Military Awards
  • Victoria Cross (VC)
  • Queen's South Africa Medal (Cape Colony, Rhodesia, Transvaal, South Africa 1901 and South Africa 1902 Clasps)
  • Mentioned in Despatches (MiD)
  • 1914-1915 Star
  • British War Medal (1914-1920)
  • Victory Medal
  • Mentioned in Despatches (MiD)
  • Colonial Auxiliary Forces Long Service Medal
  • New Zealand Long and Efficient Service Medal
  • New Zealand Volunteer Service Medal
Award Circumstances
VC. London Gazette, 4 October 1901. "On 28 January 1901, near Naauwpoort, this non-commissioned officer was with a section which was extended and hotly engaged with a party of about twenty Boers. Just before the force commenced to retire, Trooper McCrae was wounded, and his horse killed. Farrier Sergeant Major Hardham at once went, under a heavy fire, to his assistance, dismounted, and placed him on his own horse, and ran alongside until he had guided him to a place of safety."
Wounds and Diseases
  • 30 May 1915 : Wounded at Gallipoli
  • January 1919: Invalided to New Zealand , suffering from malaria
Last Unit Served
  • New Zealand Mounted Rifles
  • Wellington Mounted Rifles
Place of Death
82 Fairlie Terrace, Wellington, New Zealand
Date of Death
13 April 1928
Age at Death
51
Year of Death
1928
Cemetery Name
Karori Cemetery, Wellington, New Zealand
Grave Reference
Area 11 Block AA Row 03 Plot 062
Memorial Name
Dunedin, Victoria Cross winners' plaque, Queens Gardens, Dunedin, New Zealand
Biographical Notes
  • Son of George Hardham and Ann Gregory
  • Married in 1913 to Constance Evelyn Parsonson, she died 5 June 1960, age 73.
  • He enlisted twice for the Boer War.
  • He was the first man in New Zealand to receive the Victoria Cross during the Boer War and received it from King Edward VII on 1 July 1902 in London.
  • Rescued Trooper J. McRae (Service number 1301) near Naauwpoort, Transvaal, 28 January 1910
  • 1911 he resided at Fitzherbert Street, Hutt, Wellington, his occupation a blacksmith
  • 1914 August he was recalled for Expeditionary Force service, promoted to Captain and attached to Queen Alexandra's 2nd (Wellington West Coast) Squadron, Wellington Mounted Rifles
  • In WWI he was in Egypt and Gallipoli, rank of Captain, with the Wellington Mounted Rifles. Left for Gallipoli on 9 May 1915. Wounded at Gallipoli 30 May 1915. Returned to New Zealand (February 1916)
  • February 1918: embarked for Egypt (rank of Major) in command of the 35 and 36 (Mounted) Reinforcements
  • April to October 1918 : Palestine, rank of Major ( 15 May 1918 )with the 35 Mounted Rifle Reinforcements
  • Commandant of the Desert Corps Rest Camp in Cairo
  • January 1919 : invalided to New Zealand suffering from Malaria
Postwar Occupation
  • Dominion Newspaper, Wellington
  • Public Works Department
  • RSA manager
Description of Image
  • Portrait
  • Headstone, Karori Cemetery (photo P Baker 2005)
  • Karori Cemetery, view Wellington (photo P. Baker, 2005).
Additional Information
  • Moeraki then transhipped to "Ormonde" at Sydney for Suez.
  • His medals are held by the National Army Museum, Waiouru, New Zealand
Archives NZ source
military personnel files - VC & George Cross holders [Army War medals and decorations indexes and registers]
Further References
Sources Used
  • Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force Volume I. Wellington: Govt. Printer, 1914-1919
  • Nominal Rolls of New Zealand Expeditionary Force Volume IV. Wellington: Govt. Printer, 1919
  • Bryant, G.A. (1972). Where the prize is highest : the stories of the New Zealanders who won the Victoria Cross. Auckland: Collins.
  • The Register of the Victoria Cross. (1997). (3rd ed.). Cheltenham, UK: This England.
  • Volunteers : the Journal of the New Zealand Military Historical Society. (1973-). Auckland, N.Z.: New Zealand Military History Society.
Previous Military Experience
  • Cadets (from 1891)
  • Wellington Naval Artillery Volunteers (1895)
  • Petone Naval Artillery Volunteers
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